FedACH Settlement Tips: Same Day ACH Third Processing Window

Effective March 19, 2021

With the phased implementation of Same Day ACH, you may already have started to receive additional settlement advices at various times throughout the day. As communicated through our Frequently Asked Questions, each time an advice is created, it reflects the dollars settling at that given settlement window.

Effective March 19, 2021, a third processing window was implemented for Same Day ACH, with an input deadline of 4:45 p.m. ET, a target file distribution time of 5:30 p.m. ET, and a settlement time of 6:00 p.m. ET. Your institution may receive an additional settlement advice for this new processing window. Conversely, the returns-only processing window with an input deadline of 4:00 p.m. ET and a settlement time of 5:30 p.m. ET was removed and, as a result, the AJ19 file distribution no longer exists.

The first advice created for the day will reflect both forward and return settlement that will be available at 1:00 p.m. ET; the second advice will reflect the settlement for forward and return entries available at 5:00 p.m. ET; the third advice will reflect forward and return entries settling at 6:00 p.m. ET; and the end-of-day advice will reflect those entries settling one or more days in the future that will post at 8:30 a.m. ET on the settlement date.

To add further clarification around these new settlement advices, it is important to note that FedACH output files may not necessarily balance to advices. FedACH will distribute items available for any given delivery time regardless of the associated settlement time. As a result, you may need to use information from multiple advices to balance to the output files received. FedACH advices will, however, always balance to the information posted in the Account Management Information (AMI) application.

Below are tools available to assist you in balancing. Should you have questions, please contact FedACH and Check Services Customer Support at (877) 372-2457.

Settlement Advices

Institutions have the ability to receive advices. This setup is based on the current customer information in our database.

Advices will be produced prior to each settlement window (1:00 p.m. ET, 5:00 p.m. ET, 6:00 p.m. ET, 8:30 a.m. ET). The 8:30 a.m. ET settlement advice will contain future-dated entries. All other advices will contain forward and return entries that settle the same day. The same File IDs may appear on more than one advice, but the amounts listed reflect settlement for that particular settlement window.

Note: Advices will not be cumulative; therefore, more than one advice may be needed to balance your Federal Reserve ACH account advice.

Below is a sample advice for the 6:00 p.m. ET (18:00ET) settlement:

sample advice of settlement

Settlement Summaries Report in the FedLine Web® Solution

Institutions with access to the FedLine Web Solution have the ability to view settlement information by accessing the settlement summary screen. Settlement summary will be updated immediately following each file transmission deadline (10:30 a.m. ET, 2:45 p.m. ET, 4:45 p.m. ET and 2:15 a.m. ET).

The screen shot below is from FedLine® Information Services Settlement Summaries by process date showing real time intra-day information after the noon ET distribution.

screenshot of FedLine Information Services Settlement Summaries

Please see table below for additional information regarding the Same Day ACH Accounting Transaction Codes.

Updated Accounting Transaction Codes for the new Same Day ACH Third Processing Window

(Effective March 19, 2021)

Table of Transaction Code, Description, Definition and Posting Time
Transaction Code Description Definition Posting Time
57010 ACH Debit Transaction Originated Credits to financial institutions and U.S. Treasury for debit items originated. 8:30 a.m. ET
57020 ACH Debit Transaction Received Debits to financial institutions and U.S. Treasury for debit items received. 8:30 a.m. ET
57030 ACH Credit Transaction Originated Debits to financial institutions for credit items originated including prefunded items. 8:30 a.m. ET or throughout the business day beginning at 12:30 a.m. ET using ABS post time for prefunded origination.
57040 ACH Credit Transaction Received Credits to financial institutions for credit items received. 8:30 a.m. ET
57050 ACH Immediate Transaction Credits or debits to financial institutions for return items not future dated, received between 10:30 a.m. and 2:45 p.m. ET. Debits to financial institutions for prefunded credit items originated, which are processed on the day cycle. Paper returns, Batch level reject FedLine Web returns and NOCs settling at 5:00 p.m. ET. 5 p.m. ET or throughout the business day beginning at 12:30 a.m. ET using ABS post time for prefunded origination.
57240 Same Day ACH Debit Originated Same Day credits to financial institutions for originated forward debit items not future dated, processed between 10:30 a.m. and 2:45 p.m. ET. 5:00 p.m. ET
57250 Same Day ACH Debit Received Same Day debits to financial institutions for received forward debit items not future dated, processed between 10:30 a.m. and 2:45 p.m. ET. 5:00 p.m. ET
57260 Same Day ACH Credit Originated Same Day debits to financial institutions for originated forward credit items not future dated, processed between 10:30 a.m. and 2:45 p.m. ET. 5:00 p.m. ET
57270 Same Day ACH Credit Received Same Day credits to financial institutions for received forward credit items not future dated, processed between 10:30 a.m. and 2:45 p.m. ET. 5:00 p.m. ET
*NEW*
57280
ACH Immediate Transaction Credits or debits to financial institutions for both originated and received credit and debit return items not future dated, processed between 2:45 p.m. and 4:45 p.m. ET. 6:00 p.m. ET
57290 Same Day ACH Debit Originated Same Day credits to financial institutions for originated forward debit items not future dated, processed between 3:01 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. ET. 1:00 p.m. ET
57300 Same Day ACH Debit Received Same Day debits to financial institutions for received forward debit items not future dated, processed between 3:01 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. ET. 1:00 p.m. ET
57310 Same Day ACH Credit Originated Same Day debits to financial institutions for originated forward credit items not future dated, processed between 3:01 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. ET. 1:00 p.m. ET
57320 Same Day ACH Credit Received Same Day credits to financial institutions for received forward credit items not future dated, processed between 3:01 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. ET. 1:00 p.m. ET
57330 ACH Immediate Transaction Credits or debits to financial institutions for both originated and received credit and debit return items not future dated, processed between 3:01 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. ET. 1:00 p.m. ET
*NEW*
57340
Same Day ACH Debit Originated Same Day credits to financial institutions for originated forward debit items not future dated, processed between 2:45 p.m. and 4:45 p.m. ET. 6:00 p.m. ET
*NEW*
57350
Same Day ACH Debit Received Same Day debits to financial institutions for received forward debit items not future dated, processed between 2:45 p.m. and 4:45 p.m. ET. 6:00 p.m. ET
*NEW*
57360
Same Day ACH Credit Originated Same Day debits to financial institutions for originated forward credit items not future dated, processed between 2:45 p.m. and 4:45 p.m. ET. 6:00 p.m. ET
*NEW*
57370
Same Day ACH Credit Received Same Day credits to financial institutions for received forward credit items not future dated, processed between 2:45 p.m. and 4:45 p.m. ET. 6:00 p.m. ET

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