About Federal Reserve Bank Services

The Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, was founded by Congress in 1913 to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve Banks provide financial services to depository institutions including banks and credit unions, much like those that banks provide for their customers. These services include collecting checks, electronically transferring funds, and distributing and receiving cash and coin. Additionally, the Federal Reserve acts as the fiscal agent for the U.S. Treasury and assists financial institutions in meeting reporting requirements, understanding policies governing reserve balances, term deposits, and discount window lending programs.

Financial Services

Federal Reserve Financial Services is an integrated organization within the Federal Reserve that is responsible for managing critical payment and securities services that foster the accessibility, integrity and efficiency of the U.S. economy. Through its relationships with about 10,000 financial institutions nationwide, the Federal Reserve provides equitable access to a system that facilitates more than $5 trillion payments each day. Federal Reserve Financial Services, delivered via a secure FedLine® network, include FedCash® Services, FedACH® Services, Check Services, Fedwire® Funds and Securities Services, the National Settlement Service and more. The Federal Reserve also collaborates broadly with payments stakeholders on improvement initiatives (Off-site), to advance the end-to-end speed, security, efficiency of domestic and cross-border payments. This collaboration led to and has informed development of the upcoming FedNowSM Service, an instant payments infrastructure launching in 2023 that will become part of the FRFS product offering.

Central Bank Programs

The Federal Reserve carries out the nation’s monetary policy guided by the goals set forth in the Federal Reserve Act, namely "to promote effectively the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates."

The Federal Reserve Banks offer a range of tools and information to assist financial institutions in meeting reporting requirements and understanding policies governing reserve balances, term deposits, and discount window lending programs.

U.S. Treasury Services

The Federal Reserve acts as a fiscal agent or bank to the federal government by providing financial services to the United States Department of Treasury and by selling and redeeming government securities such as Savings Bonds and Treasury bills.

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